Benefits of cultivation from seed cannabis

Growing Cannabis: Clones vs Seeds

One of the first things you’ll need to decide when starting to grow cannabis is whether to start from seed or clone.

A cannabis clone is a small cutting from a mother plant and has developed its own root system.

It’s an important decision to make, because it is going to determine what timeline your garden is going to operate on, and largely influence the strategy you incorporate into your garden, especially if you plan on making clones to continue your cycle.

Both options present their own benefits and drawbacks.

The Benefits to Starting with a Clone Instead of a Seed

Here are the reasons why some growers prefer cannabis clones.

Benefit #1: Starting with a clone ensures that the gender of your plant is female.

They can still become hermaphrodite if they are stressed, but out of the gate, you at least know that there are no males.

Male cannabis plants do not provide the euphoric and wellness benefits that female cannabis plants do.

Benefit #2: This leads us to one of the biggest benefits of starting with the clone in that you know what you are getting – assuming the source you acquired the clone from is trustworthy and reputable.

If the breeder has samples or documentation as to what previous harvests have looked like, you get a rough yet fairly decent idea of what to expect from the clone.

Benefit #3: Another big benefit is that it speeds up the cultivation process. Seeds take time to sprout and grow into a plant. A clone already is a plant, and is several weeks ahead of the process compared to a seed that has yet to sprout.

Benefit #4: Clones are less delicate than seeds, at least in the beginning. A rooted clone is much easier to keep alive and nourish than a newly sprouted, delicate seedling.

Benefit #5: Growing from a clone is also easier than growing from seed. Clones are ‘plug and play’ so to speak, which is important for newbie cannabis growers.

The Drawbacks of Clones

Drawback #1: Clones lack a taproot. Instead they grow secondary roots also known as a fibrous root system.

For those who don’t know, a taproot is a straight root growing vertically downward from the plant base, forming the center from which other rootlets spring.

Basically, it’s one really big root that other roots spring off of, as opposed to a bunch of tiny roots. Many reputable growers believe that a taproot makes the plant stronger.

Drawback #2: Some cannabis clones carry diseases and/or pests.

Powdery mildew is particularly problematic because a clone could have a disease not yet visible to the naked eye yet.

Whatever the mother plant had, so too shall the clone inherit whatever nastiness ‘it’ may be.

This is why you’ll want to quarantine outside clones before bringing them into the rest of your grow operation.

Drawback #3: With clones, growers are limited to what they can find in their area. Dispensaries and stores are helping increase the variety in areas where they are allowed, but the variety still pales in comparison to most seed banks.

Drawback #4: Also with clones you either use them or lose them. Clones have a limited shelf life, so you either have to see them through to the end, or watch them wither and die.

Debatable Drawbacks:

Many people out there believe clones are weaker than seeds, less pest resistant, grow slower, and the buds are not as large. These claims are based on personal experiences, but it’s worth noting that there are a lot of reputable veteran growers who feel strongly about this.

There are also many people out there who feel very strongly that taking clones from clones results in ‘worn out’ DNA in the plant. We haven’t seen any science behind this, but again, there are a lot of very reputable growers who feel this way.

Why Growing Cannabis from Seed Is a Good Option

Benefit #1: Cannabis plants started from seed have a taproot, which many believe supplies more support for the plants.

Benefit #2: When you start from seed, you are not inheriting the potentially nasty pests and diseases from a mother plant. A seed is ‘clean’ so to speak.

Benefit #3: With seeds, there is much more variety out there. It can be risky to acquire seeds, but these days, there are many more stores and dispensaries carrying a much larger variety of quality seeds as compared to most clone inventory selections.

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Benefit #4: Seeds last a long time when stored properly, which is a huge advantage to going the seed route. As stated previously, with clones you either use them or lose them. A seed, any kind of seed, can be stored safely for a long time and still germinate.

As mentioned, many growers feel that starting from seed results in stronger, more pest-resistant plants that grow faster and have bigger buds.

The Downsides to Starting with a Seed

There are a few risks a grower takes when choosing to start with a seed.

Drawback #1: A grower invests quite a bit of time before they know if the seed is male or female, even if the source they purchased the seeds from is reliable, it’s still a risk.

After about 6 weeks of growth, the plant will usually show signs of “pre-flowers” (female) or seeds (male). This will alert you to the gender of the plant.

Drawback #2: Seeds are very delicate after they pop. It doesn’t take much to kill them. This can be a very big problem for newbie growers who are still just trying to figure things out.

Plus, seeds take time to pop. Even if the plant ends up being a female, which is awesome, it still takes several weeks for a seed to reach the same size as a clone.

Drawback #3: Germinating seeds is a skill that not everyone possesses. It takes experience. As such, the only way to get ‘good’ at germinating seeds is to do it as many times as it takes to get the process down.

If you are a new grower:

If someone is notoriously awful with plants, starting from seed is likely not a good idea.

We recommend that if you are a newbie grower, to start with clones and work on perfecting your seed skills in the meantime until you are ready to make the transition.

The Benefits Of Growing Regular Cannabis Seeds

When looking through seed catalogs or discussing growing cannabis with other growers and/or breeders, most of the time you will come across the terms “feminized” or “auto” with only a handful of breeders and seed banks offering what are known as regular cannabis seeds. When looking at the price of such seeds, they are generally significantly cheaper than their feminized/automatic counterparts, but that doesn’t mean that they are less valuable. In fact, growing regular cannabis seeds can not only provide the exact same quality as far as salacious buds are concerned, but they can also be used for several other purposes where feminized seeds will not work.

How are regular cannabis seeds different from the rest?

To answer that, we have to talk a little bit about ‘the birds and the bees’ of the cannabis plant. Like most other flowering plants, cannabis passes on its genetics to younger generations through the pollination of its female sex organs using the pollen produced by the male sex organs.

During the vegetative phase, male pre-flowers develop round little sacs containing pollen around 3-4 weeks following germination. In female plants, the pre-flowers do not develop until 4-6 weeks from germination. This little discrepancy can come in useful when determining the sex of the plant.

In contrast to male flowers, female flowers start off looking like tear-shaped leaves, known as the bract, which houses the reproductive parts. Therein lies the calyx, which is the base of the flower holding everything together and containing the most coveted parts of the plant, namely the pistils (the reproductive organs along with long hairs called stigmas) and the trichomes (resin glands producing THC and other cannabinoids). The pollen-containing sacs on the male flowers grow until they burst open, spreading their pollen all over the area, which eventually makes its way over to the pistils of the female flower. This is where seed production takes place and where resin (and cannabinoid) production slow down as a result. The longer a budding flower has to wait, the more resin and cannabinoids it produces in order to attract pollen from male flowers. For precisely this reason, most growers try to avoid pollination of their flowers as some THC potency is lost in the process and also, no one really enjoys picking seeds out of their product.

Benefits of Regular Seeds

So what makes regular seeds different from the others? The answer lies in the genetics of their offspring, in other words their seeds. Cannabis is a dioecious plant, meaning you have separate male and female plants with their respective reproductive organs. Although there are monoecious cannabis plants (i.e. self-pollinating or hermaphrodite plants), they are used mostly for industrial purposes such as fiber production and nearly all seedbanks will stock only dioecious plants, with feminized seeds making up the overwhelming majority of those.

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Create Your Own Strain

So why stock regular seeds if most people don’t want male flowers? There are several reasons actually. Perhaps the most common reason why people are interested in regular seeds is the ability to breed and create new strains. Feminized seeds will produce female plants 99.9% of the time, meaning they will not pollinate to produce offspring. While this means a bigger harvest compared to non-feminized plants that end up being pollinated, it also means that you will not be able to pass on the plant’s genetics once seeds run out. Regular seeds provide more stable plant genetics than feminized seeds as they haven’t undergone any genetic modification that would make future generations less stable. Potential seeds from a feminized plant might not even make it past germination, let alone express the same phenotypes of their parents.

Mothers, Clones and Lineage

Thanks to this genetic stability, you can also keep mother plants for taking cuttings/clones (also known as asexual reproduction), which is another area where regular seeds will do better than feminized ones. Plants grown from regular seeds also tend to be more vigorous, allowing them to better handle stress and providing them with greater chances of survival in the long run.

Another reason regular seeds are preferred by breeders is their genetic lineage. They are seen as “the real deal” in terms of plant genetics, not some unknown/unstable knockoff which may or may not produce the desired phenotypes some claim they have. This means that regular seeds will consistently produce the same offspring with every generation. To a genetic purist who likes old school varieties such as Skunk #1, Northern Lights, or AK-47, any other type of seed is an absolute deal-breaker.

Since regular seeds are procured as mother nature intended, i.e. pollination of a female flowers with pollen from the male plant, no genetic modification is required to produce them. These days in particular, many people are trying to avoid the use of artificial chemicals and solvents with respect to their cannabis and seed production is no different. To obtain feminized seeds, breeders usually spray female plants with unpleasant-sounding chemicals (colloidal silver) that make them grow male pollen sacs. While seeds obtained using this method are completely safe to use, smoking the flower that was sprayed with colloidal silver is not. Another option is to wait for a female plant among a group of females to turn hermaphrodite and start producing feminized pollen on her own. This process is known as rodelization, however it is a much more unreliable and less predictable method of producing seeds. By going the traditional route, you are not only avoiding the use of any chemicals on your plants, you are certain to obtain the desired genetics.

Great Genetics At A Lower Price

Another advantage that regular seeds have over feminized or autoflowering plants is their price. Generally speaking regular seeds are considerably cheaper to buy since half of them will end up being males, which growers usually do not want and almost always end up throwing away. For some, the lower price is indicative of inferior quality, but this couldn’t be further from the truth. While it is much easier to have seeds that produce female plants 99% of the time, the extra work and resources required to weed out the males is worth it in the end, especially considering the genetics of female plants from regular seeds are just as desirable if not more than feminized ones. With regular cannabis seeds you are engaging in a genetic lottery as far as males vs. females are concerned and while sexing plants (determining their sex before they flower) can take some practice, most breeders will agree that the end result is worth it.

So Regular or Feminized?

Both feminized and regular cannabis seeds have their respective advantages and disadvantages, so ultimately it depends on the grower’s experience and aims (i.e. flower production vs. breeding vs. genetic purity/stability). While requiring a bit more work and attention from the grower, regular seeds also offer several advantages that feminized ones do not, as a result, there are more things to experiment with and learn from. Just make sure your seeds come from a reputable breeder. Happy growing!

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6 Benefits of Growing Cannabis Yourself

With changing times, growing cannabis at home has become socially accepted in many parts of the world. There are numerous benefits of growing your own cannabis. Also, it is remarkably easy to buy cannabis seeds online at Zamnesia who has the most desirable strains and discreetly ships to your mailbox. Therefore, every cannabis user should consider growing his or her cannabis plant at least once.

The whole vibe around growing and using cannabis has relaxed significantly compared to what it used to be a few years ago. Though some restrictions still exist in certain areas, there is no denying the fact that we have come a long way from the days when cannabis was prohibited unconditionally. These days, plenty of educational materials related to using cannabis and growing it at home are available online.

Therefore, the time is ripe for you to start growing your own weed.

Before discussing the benefits, the most crucial task for growing cannabis at home is to source high-quality seeds. Reputed seedbanks such as i49 can help you with just the type of seeds you are looking for.

Some of the most important benefits of growing your own cannabis are discussed below.

Complete Control:

It is always great to know what you are using and how it is produced. When you grow on your own, you have control over the entire process comprising of harvesting, curing, drying, etc. You will also have a clear understanding of the growing technique including the use of nutrients and fertilizers . Therefore, you have the power to set the quality standards of your cannabis.

Freedom to Experiment:

While growing your own cannabis, depending on how much money you want to invest, you can try out different training techniques and growing methods. Growing at home gives you the freedom to try your hands-on techniques such as topping, super cropping , or hydroponics.

On the other hand, it is also possible to carry out experiments involving different parts of the plant. When you grow not just the buds, but an entire specimen, you have loads of additional plant material to use. The sugar leaves packed with trichomes can be used as edibles as well as hash. Also, the fan leaves that are less-cannabinoid-dense can be used as rolling papers or making healthy green juices.

Save Money:

If you are a medical or recreational user, growing your own cannabis will undoubtedly save you lots of money. Your initial investment will be returned in just one or two harvests. Though it depends on your average consumption, just one or two homegrown plants can provide you a steady flow to reduce your expenses big time.

Reconnects with Nature:

Taking care of your weed gives you an opportunity to closely observe an interesting process of maturation. You can take a look at each stage of plant growth and learn how it develops. Over a period of time, this learning process will make you confident and knowledgeable enough to take action against threats such as disease and nutrient deficiency.

As a grower, this will make you invested in your plant’s life-cycle.

Easy and Discreet:

Please remember that growing cannabis is much easier than many of us think. The plant is quite resilient and hardy and is capable of withstanding abrupt changes in conditions. However, things do vary across strains.

Before purchasing a particular seed, conduct research to ensure that your desired strain can thrive in your climate, as well as the amount of time and care you can offer. Also, if you are looking to keep your cannabis use discreet, growing at home is probably the best option.

Finally, growing cannabis at home can be a fun and relaxing hobby. In this enjoyable journey, you are likely to learn many diverse skills including designing a full growing system. You can start small, and pursue this hobby at almost any age.