7 Tips for Germinating Cannabis Seeds from Top Notch Growers
What is the best way to germinate your marijuana seeds?
7 Tips For Germinating Cannabis Seeds
Are you trying to grow Cannabis seeds? Well, here are some useful tips to help them grow and germinate successfully.
1. Don’t Let The Germination Medium Dry Out
First, you need to place the seeds in a culture medium that has the right humidity and temperature before you start a series of reactions leading to germination in a few days. Depending on the substrate you use for germination, make sure it never dries out completely. That’s because the seed will stop absorbing moisture thereby stop germinating.
You need to check every day to make sure the medium is always moist. If you use a heat source to increase the temperature and improve germination, it might cause the substrate to dry up faster. Therefore, you need to check on it regularly to make it moist and avoid drying up. If you are using hydroponic cultivation, you should grow the cannabis seeds in rock wool cubes that must always remain wet or moist.
2. Don’t Leave The Seeds To Germinate For Too Long
Most cannabis growers make this mistake, especially when using kitchen paper or other growing mediums. If you let the seeds germinate until the cotyledons appear then you will have a hard time with transplantation. Eventually, you might end up damaging the root during transplantation.
Remember, if the root is exposed to air and light for too long, it will end up being damaged. Therefore, you need to start transplanting before this happens. Therefore, you can avoid this when the taproots are about 1-2cm in length. It’s easier to transplant at this time and you will not damage the roots. As such, after transplantation, they can grow into the new medium without any limitations.
3. Avoid Direct Germination In Soil
Direct germination in the soil will often result in non-germination. If you do this when the substrate hasn’t been watered previously before sowing the seed but you water afterward, there will be no germination. Once the seed is planted directly into the substrate, there is a risk of burying it too deep. It will make things worse if you irrigate the medium after sowing.
For the best results, use kitchen paper when growing the cannabis seeds. You can also use peat plugs or jiffy pellets for rooting cutting before transplanting them into the soil or a pot once the small seedlings have germinated. Another benefit is that you can grow many seeds in a small space such as a greenhouse. It’s the best way to ensure the best humidity and temperature.
4. The Best Temperature And Humidity For Germination
Cannabis seeds will grow well in a relatively high temperature and humidity. During some seasons of the year, you can use heat sources to keep the temperature at 26 to 28 degrees Celsius. You can rely on heated greenhouses or thermal cables for the best results. Heated greenhouses are ideal because they also provide the best humidity for seed germination.
It’s ideal to keep the germination medium at about 26 to 28 degrees Celsius. The humidity should be maintained at 70% relative humidity. If you go any lower, there will be less successful germination. Higher values will result in fungal or rot problems.
5. Avoid Planting The Seeds Incorrectly
Cannabis seeds are usually oval in shape. They end in a point at one end and form a small crater at the other end usually known as the crown. When planting your seed, whether in a jiffy or a kitchen towel, make sure that it is always supposed to face upwards.
Therefore, the seed should be planted with the tip facing downwards and the crown at the top facing upwards. Once the seeds germinate the crown begins a hinge so the seed and the tip bring out the root. Once you plant the seed incorrectly, the taproot grows upwards while the seedling grows downwards. Make sure you avoid this at all costs since the seedling will not germinate.
6. Planting The Seed At Incorrect Depth
In most cases, you might plant the seed at the wrong depth such that the seedling will never germinate. On the other hand, if you plant the seedling close to the surface, it will germinate but the stem might be too weak. As a result, it might start bending thereby preventing the seedling from developing correctly.
The best depth is about 2cm if you want to avoid shallow or deep planting. Also, you can cover the lower stem as the seedling starts growing to allow it to gain stability. It should also produce new roots along the length of the stem depending on the depth. It’s a sure way of accelerating the growth of cannabis plants.
7. Avoid Planting Several Seeds In The Same Pot
Yes, it might be tempting to grow several cannabis seeds in the same container but it’s not a good idea. There will be some type of difficulty growing the seedlings correctly in the same container. On the other hand, when they germinate, they will start competing for the little space available to grow roots.
With restricted root growth, the cannabis plants will not grow successfully. They are likely going to be weak and have a large internodal distance. Therefore, it’s always a great idea to use different containers for different plants for the best results. Remember, with very little space, the plants will also start competing for the available light.
If you want to get the most out of each cannabis plant, you need to avoid planting a lot of seeds in the same container. If they are too crowded, they will have very little lateral branching and the growth will be centered on a weak main stem. All these factors will definitely have a negative effect on the final yield of the cannabis buds and impact on the amount you have for smoking or other cannabis uses. Get as many containers as possible to allow strong roots to give the plants enough space for proper root growth and light.
You must be excited to grow your own cannabis plants. However, if you make any of these mistakes with the seedlings, you will not yield anything. Do your research online or get information from other successful cannabis growers if you want to have a successful cannabis crop. Remember, if you don’t follow the temperature and humidity requirements, your crops will end up not being fruitful. With these tips, you can enjoy a great and successful cannabis crop without any hassles.
Jorge’s Cannabis Encyclopedia: Seed Germination
Cannabis seeds need only water, heat, and air to break dormancy and germinate; they do not need extra hormones, fertilizers, or additives. Seeds sprout without light in a range of temperatures. Strong, viable, properly nurtured seeds germinate in 2 to 7 days. At germination, the outside protective shell of the seed splits, and a tiny, white sprout (radicle) pops out. This sprout is the root, or taproot. Cotyledon, or seed, leaves emerge on a stem from within the shell as they push upward in search of light.
Break dormancy: Put newly harvested seeds in the refrigerator for a week or two to simulate winter. Remove and germinate. Seeds will germinate more uniformly because they all come out of dormancy at the same time.
Timeline for Germinating Most Seeds:
At 36 to 96 hours – Water is absorbed, root tip (radicle) pops through outer shell and is visible.
At 10 to 14 days – First roots and root hairs become visible.
At 21 to 30 days – At least half of seeds are rooted by day 21. Seeds not rooted by day 30 will probably grow slowly.
Once seeds are rooted, cell growth accelerates; stem, foliage, and roots develop quickly. Seedlings develop into full vegetative growth within 4 to 6 weeks of germination.
Seeds are Prompted to Germinate By:
Water: Soaking seeds in water allows moisture to penetrate the protective seed shell within minutes. Once inside, moisture continues to wick in to activate the dominant hormones. In a few days, hormones activate and send enough signals to pro- duce an initial root tip. The white radicle (rootlet) emerges to bring a new plant into the world. Once a seed is moist, it must receive a constant flow of moisture to transport nutrients, hormones, and water so that it can carry on life processes. Some seeds need lots of moisture to wash out the dormancy hormones in the seed coat, and if they do not get enough moisture, they do not germinate. Conversely, too much water deprives the seed of oxygen, reducing its quality or destroying it. If fragile germinated seeds are allowed to suffer moisture stress now, seedling growth will be stunted. Soaking most seeds in water for 12 to 24 hours is all they need to initiate germination. All the nourishment for a seed’s initial growth requirement is pulled from the fleshy cotyledons, or seed leaves. Water seedlings with low-EC (electrical conductivity) household tap water during the first week or two of life. Supple- mental nutrients are unnecessary and if applied in excess can disrupt internal seed chemistry. Some gardeners prefer to germinate seeds using distilled or purified water that contains virtually no dissolved solids.
Temperature: Overall, cannabis seeds germinate in temperatures from 70°F–90°F (21°C–32°C) and grow best at 78°F (26°C). Temperatures below 70°F (21°C) and above 90°F (32°C) impair germination. Low temperatures delay germination. High temperatures upset seed chemistry causing poor germination. Seeds germinate best under the native conditions and temperature ranges where they were grown.
Air & Oxygen: Sow seeds twice as deep as the width of the seed. For example, 0.125-inch (3 mm) seeds should be planted 0.25 inches (6 mm) deep. Adequate oxygen is un- available for seeds planted too deeply, and tender seedlings have insufficient stored energy to drive through deep layers of soil or crusty hard soil when sprouting.
Agricultural Astrology — Planting by the Moon
Ancient Babylonians and Egyptians planted and harvested based on moon phases in relation to geographic location. The premise is that plants grow better when planted during the appropriate moon phase.
Moon phases cause ocean tides to rise and fall. They also affect the rise and fall of moisture in soil and fluids inside plants. The moon phase influence is said to be the same indoors, outdoors, and in greenhouse-grown cannabis.
Cannabis gardeners who plant by the moon report faster-sprouting seeds that grow into vigorous plants. However, scientific evidence is lacking in regard to cannabis and other plants’ relationship with agricultural astrology.
Seeds need oxygen from the air to germinate. Growing mediums that are too moist (soggy) will cut off oxygen supplies and the seeds will literally drown. Cannabis seeds germinate best when moisture is between 60 and 70 percent.
Temperatures and Medical Cannabis Growing: From Seedling to Harvest
The marijuana industry created an estimated $34 billion economic impact in 2018. Legal sales of marijuana are expected to increase from $10 billion in 2018 to $20 billion by 2022, according to the Marijuana Business Fact Book. This means that more and more legal growers (under strict governmental regulations) will be on the American horizon seeking the best indoor growing practices. Temperature and humidity monitoring are essential for growing healthy cannabis plants throughout the entire life of the plant…seedling to harvest.
What’s the Difference Between Temperatures and Humidity Levels?
Temperature and humidity levels interact and are very similar and are closely related to one another. Humidity is the measure of how much humidity is actually being held in the air. Relative humidity (RH) which is one way to measure humidity levels, is how much water is in the air compared to the maximum amount of water that can be held in the air at that temperature. The premise is that warm air holds more water vapor than cold air so it is important to get the warmest air in the environment. It is necessary to extract the warmest air from the growing environment while allowing cool air to enter. The warm air alone has way too much vapor for ideal growing conditions.
Horticulturalists know that the key to success in any growing plant is understanding the lifecycle of the plant. This is also true with growing cannabis. Throughout every stage of growth, cannabis plants will have a constant need for water which the amounts will fluctuate with the humidity. When the humidity is high, plants use their leaves to absorb moisture from the air which results in less water drawn from their roots. On the other hand, when the humidity is low, cannabis plants will take more water through their roots.
Monitoring and having the right humidity encourages strong, healthy, nutrient-dense leafy plants with optimal growth.
Humidity levels must be monitored to prevent:
1. Bud Mold/Rot: A condition when the inside of the plant is taken over by mold. When this happens the buds are unusable.
2. White Powder Mildew: White Powder Mildew (WPM) is a rapidly reproducing fungal disease resulting in a white powder or mildew covering the plant. If caught early enough, it can be prevented, if not the plant will become unusable.
3. Nutrient Problems: If a cannabis plant takes in too many nutrients at once the leaves will turn yellow and the tips will look burnt, called nutrient burn or nute burn.
4. Slowed Growth: If humidity levels are not optimal for the growth stage, they don’t grow as fast as they could. Younger cannabis plants grow better in higher humidity than more mature plants.
So, the next question is how do you measure the ideal levels?
Cannabis Temperature Monitoring In All Stages of Growth
There are four stages or periods of cannabis growing, all requiring different temperature and humidity levels. They are seedling, vegetation, flowering, and late flowering. Experts recommend monitoring levels throughout all four stages using a digital thermometer and a digital hygrometer that include a memory feature so history can be reviewed. The four stages and what they require are:
1. Seedling Stage: Seedlings or clones, little cut-off pieces from a parent plant that needs to develop roots, require high humidity levels between 65 and 70 percent. These high humidity levels are needed because the root system is not established and humidity allows water intake through the plants’ leaves. Young growing cannabis plants prefer temperatures between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Anything above 80 degrees Fahrenheit is not recommended.
2. Vegetation Period: This is the stage that cannabis starts developing its renowned leaf shape. It is important to note that light exposure is a very important part of this stage. The number of humidity levels should be lowered by five percent each week throughout the vegetation period. The temperature can be increased, too because roots absorb more water and evaporate through the plants’ leaves. Humidity levels should be before 40 and 70 percent. If wet spots are forming on the leaves, humidity levels are too high.
3. Flowering Plants: The humidity levels of cannabis plants at the beginning of the flowering stage should be lowered to 40 to 50 percent. At this stage, the plants have created a robust root system to meet their water needs. They still absorb water through the leaves. A lower humidity level is required to prevent mold and mildew from forming. Note that mold and mildew infect the plant from the inside the buds, so it isn’t visible at first.
4. Late Flowering Period: This period lasts anywhere between six and 12 weeks and when plants mature. During this time careful temperature and humidity monitoring are necessary. It is recommended that humidity levels be lowered between 30 and 40 percent to improve the yield, flavor, and appearance of the plant. Temperatures can range between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
Tips To Adjust Temperature and Humidity for Cannabis Growing
It can be difficult to keep humidity and temperature levels at the right balance throughout the plants’ life cycle. Keep in mind that warm air retains more water than cold air and that relative humidity and temperature interact to create the perfect balance. The following are hands-on tips for adjusting these levels but note that there is technology available in the SaaS Cloud that will wirelessly do the work for you.
Tips to Lower Humidity and Temperature:
- Increase fresh, cool air in the growing area
- Water plants right when lights are turned on in the growing area
- Add a dehumidifier to regulate humidity in the growing area
Tips to Increase Humidity and Temperature
- Keep the soil surface moist
- Surround the room with moist towels and open containers of water
- Use a humidifier to constantly add moisture to the room
It is difficult to be present for the entire life cycle of a cannabis plant. There are more innovative and technological methods for monitoring temperature and humidity levels. Contact SensoScientific for a free trial and to learn more about the most advanced wireless monitoring solution available for cannabis temperature monitoring.