Cannabis Genetic Testing
Cannabis genetic testing is important for breeders and growers who want to produce the best end-result for their clients. Without a firm grasp of cannabis genetics, it is virtually impossible to provide the medicinal compounds and properties end-users desire. A plant with poor genetics can only be so good, even when everything else is of the utmost quality. Solid genetics are the foundation of any decent cannabis product, which is why genetic testing of cannabis continues to be one of our top services here at Modern Canna.
Other factors affecting a cannabis strain’s quality include:
- Growing techniques
- Harvesting methods
- Curing processes
Cannabis genetic testing for genotype
Cannabis genetic testing at Modern Canna includes the genotype – the plant’s genetic makeup inherited from its parents, and its blueprint for growth. The genotype details the entire spectrum of possibilities for a particular cannabis strain. In human biology, one has no control over the inherited genotype. Plant breeders and growers have a heavier hand in what gets passed from parent plants down to offspring, but the reality is that no two genotypes will be identical, even if purchased from the same family – unless a plant is cloned.
The decision to clone can produce greater reliability, though cloned genetics have a way of deteriorating after replicating for multiple generations. Knowing precisely what defined characteristics you’re working with will help you make the best decisions in the production of your strain.
Marijuana genetic testing for phenotype
Marijuana genetic testing at Modern Canna also includes the phenotype – the visible traits that emerge based on environment. The phenotype can be thought of as the observable smell, taste, color, shape, resin production, and potency of the marijuana. In human biology, you can think of phenotype as the way a person dresses, speaks, and acts based on the subculture they identify with, the career path selected, and the events that have unfolded over the years. Phenotypes explain why children with the same mother and father look slightly different.
A thorough understanding of marijuana phenotyping helps cultivators explain the different varieties within a strain and breed for the characteristics they value most. The best breeders will hunt the phenotypes of thousands of seeds until they find one or two phenotypes they prefer to pass onto their growers.
What cannabis sequencing can do for you
Cannabis sequencing can help you:
- Unlock the mystery of your cannabis strains to assess stability and uniqueness.
- Determine closest relatives, clonal relationships, population origin, and ancestral links among your plants.
- Reduce variety and unpredictability in subsequent generations of plants you produce.
- Cultivate new, stable, unique strains with the beneficial traits you value most.
- Understand how to cross certain plants to get shorter grow times and larger harvests.
- Take advantage of physical structure to create a variety suited to grow in a specific environment.
- Protect yourself against false patent claims and other legal controversies that may arise.
- Gather promotional information for marketing materials to highlight what makes your product special.
- Confirm your beliefs with scientific fact and make more informed business decisions.
How marijuana sequencing works
Modern Canna employs a staff of highly experienced analysts to oversee your marijuana sequencing projects. We use state-of-the-art sequencing technology to quickly and accurately generate quality data. We then analyze all sequence data using our proprietary bioinformatics system to determine the DNA fingerprint, agricultural yield, genetic relationships, and medicinal qualities of your samples.
Contact us for more information on cannabis genetic testing
Modern Canna has been Florida’s preeminent medical marijuana testing laboratory since 2014. We are capable of performing a full range of analytical tests to determine genetics, purity, and potency. We work with clients across the state of Florida to deliver prompt and accurate results.
We believe through sampling and testing, breeders and growers can produce high-quality results that will assist patients who are relying on medicinal marijuana, as well as satisfy the needs of recreational users at the same time. Contact Modern Canna for a free quote on cannabis genetics testing.
LeafWorks Cannabis & Hemp DNA Sex Test
Want to identify male cannabis & hemp plants early in the growing cycle?
Save up to 8 weeks and reduce operational costs by up to 20% with the LeafWorks Cannabis & Hemp DNA Sex Test. You can identify male cannabis & hemp plants as early as 7 days post germination.
The LeafWorks Cannabis & Hemp DNA Sex Test is 99% accurate and because we use more biomarkers than the competition, we greatly reduce false positive test results allowing you to confidently remove male plants quickly.
- Turnkey collection and submission kit is provided for every order
- Simply mail your cannabis or hemp plant samples using the collection cards provided
- Up to 4 plants collected per card
- National and international orders accepted
- Tests available for licensing
- Order up to 25 cards: $60 per card; only $15.00 per plant
- Order 25 to 250 cards: $50 per card; only $12.50 per plant
- Order over 250 cards: $40 per card; only $10.00 per plant
3-7 business days after the lab receives your samples, depending on volume of cards to be processed.
LeafWorks only accepts samples through the LeafWorks DNA submission kit. We will not test or receive Schedule I tissue.
Cannabis Seeds Authentication by Chloroplast and Nuclear DNA Analysis Coupled with High-Resolution Melting Method for Quality Control Purposes
Background: Cannabis plants and their seed have been used in many cultures as a source of medicine and feeding during history. Today, there is an increasing demand for cannabis seeds for medical use. Moreover, a seed sales market with no legal regulations has also grown. This may pose some issues if a quality control is not set in place. Identification of cannabis strains is important for quality control purposes in a nonregulated growing market and in cases of illegal traffic and medical use. Owing to the high price as a pharmacological drug, commercial products of cannabis plants and seeds for medical users are often subjected to adulterations, either when packing or distributing certified seeds in the market. Materials and Methods: Cannabis commercial seeds and cannabis seeds for medical use were analyzed with high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis using barcoding markers. Humulus lupulus L. plants from a local market were used as outgroup control. DNA barcoding uses specific regions of the genome to identify differences in the genetic sequence of conserved regions such as internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and rbcL. DNA barcoding data can be generated with real-time polymerase chain reaction combined with HRM analysis to distinguish specific conserved DNA regions of closely related species. HRM analysis is the method of choice for rapid analysis of sequence variation. Results: The melting temperature (Tm) of homogeneous packages was consistent with single genotypes. However, packages containing contaminating seeds showed Tm differences of 0.2°C on average. Conclusions: An effective, rapid, and low-cost method based on ITS nuclear DNA and on chloroplast rbcL regions for screening and detection of contamination in commercial cannabis seeds was developed and applied for the analysis of different samples. This approach can be used as a quality control tool for cannabis seeds or other plant material.
Keywords: HRM; barcode; cannabis; genetic authentication.
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