The first step in growing your own cannabis, explore expert tips and tricks on how to successfully germinate, transforming your little seeds into healthy sprouts. How to germinate cannabis seeds? In a cup of water, On a damp surface or In soil. My favorite way of germinating weed seeds is to put them in a cup of water. With various methods on how to germinate marijuana seeds for beginner and advanced technique, it all just comes to your preference on what type to use.
How To: Germinate Cannabis Seeds
There’s just something amazing that happens as you watch life unfold from the smallest seed to a full-grown plant. It’s a connection to nature that is often lacking in today’s buy everything pre-washed world. Some patients are legally allowed to grow a limited number of cannabis plants at home (with , either outdoors or inside. The number of plants and the amount that can be stored depends directly on the quantity of dried cannabis a patient is authorized to use daily, so make sure to review the ACMPR guidelines before starting.
If you’re growing your own cannabis starting from seeds (as opposed to cut clones), the first step is to transform them from the seeds to sprouts. For seeds to germinate, they require three things: moisture, warmth and darkness.
Fill a glass with clean, room temperature water (between 18 and 25 degrees Celsius is ideal). The type of water you use should sync up with the type of water you drink. If your tap water is safe for drinking, you can use it for germination. But if you have to use filtered or bottled water to drink, your seeds will also need it to grow.
Drop your seeds into the glass of water and leave them to soak in a dark place that holds a temperature between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius. After 10 minutes, check on the seeds. If a few are floating at the top, gently tap them to see if they sink. (If they don’t, just let them float!) Place the seeds back in the dark for another 8-12 hours.
Note: If you are germinating colour-coated seeds, each colour should be placed in a separate glass. The colour will slowly dissolve in the water, making the seeds and their colour-coded strain identifiers indistinguishable.
Place the seeds on a plate, bedded in between layers of damp paper or cotton towels, before placing them back in the dark to continue germinating. Check on them every 6-12 hours, dripping water onto the top layer of paper towels to ensure they remain damp. Do this for 48-72 hours.
After two to three days on the paper towels, the seeds will swell causing the casing shell to crack. It may take up another day or two, so if you don’t see split casing shells, be patient. However, it’s also important not to let the newly emerged root stay exposed to the damp paper towels too long, as it can create early root damage. Look for the white, initial root visible at the spot the seed is cracked. It will look like a little tail sticking out of the seed. That’s how you know your seed is ready to be planted!
Germination of Cannabis Seeds
You bought beautiful Premium Pro Seeds from Suzy Seeds and of course, you want to get started. First, you have to germinate the seeds. Below, I will discuss my favorite way how to germinate cannabis seeds extensively, but also suggest other good methods. Suzy Seeds exclusively sells feminized cannabis seeds, so you don’t need to remove male plants, which applies also to autoflower cannabis seeds. It’s good to know that a cannabis seed does not need light to germinate. What is important, though, is a humid environment and an ambient temperature of around 20 °C. In general, there are three ways to germinate cannabis or marijuana seeds:
– In a cup of water
– On a damp surface
– In soil
How long does it take cannabis seeds to germinate in general? Or how do we germinate autoflowering seeds? The time of germination of marijuana seeds depends on the method of germination we apply, but autoflowering seeds germinate in the same way and time as feminized or regular cannabis seeds.
My favorite way to germinate the seeds is to put them in a cup of water and then between a damp paper towel or tissue. This goes well in 99% of the cases. That is why I will more extensively describe this first way.
We recommend not to touch the seeds or the seedlings with your hands. If you do anyways, make sure your hands are clean and if possible use plastic gloves.
Suzy’s Tip: Try your germintion method on a couple of seeds (maximum 3). This way, you can test if your method works well. Often a wrong germinating method is used and the seeds don’t germinate. Do you want to germinate your seeds in a different way? Continue reading.
Germinating cannabis seeds in a cup of water
Maintain an ambient temperature of at least 20 °C, otherwise, the seeds will not or at least not optimally germinate. Use a clean room and area for the germination process. Fill a cup with water and put the cannabis seeds in it. After 3 to 5 days, the seeds should pop open and a tiny root should come out.
As soon as the sprout is 2 to 3 mm, you can carefully get the seeds out of the water and plant them in the soil. Planting the germinated seed has to be done with lots of care and attention. Put them 0.5 to 1 cm in the soil with the root down. This way, the root (the white sprout) will more easily grow downwards.
Germinating cannabis seeds on a damp surface
Maintain an ambient temperature of at least 20 °C, otherwise, the seeds will not or at least not optimally germinate. Put the cannabis seeds on a surface that holds moisture, like wadding, paper towel or tissues on a saucer. Moisten the surface well, but avoid making it too wet. The moisture evaporates quickly at room temperature, so check during the period that the seeds will germinate if the surface is still damp enough.
You can also cover the seeds with damp wadding or tissues and another saucer on top. Because of the moisture that gets into the seeds, they are activated and start to germinate. As soon as the germ is 2 to 3 mm, you can carefully get the seeds out of the water and plant them in the soil. Put them 0.5 to 1 cm in the soil with the root down. This way, the root will more easily grow downwards.
Germinating cannabis seeds in soil/compost
Direct germination of marijuana seeds in the soil is a commonly used method. You don’t have to handle the fragile plant, so it is not disturbed in its growth process. However, the chances that the seeds will germinate are lower than when applying the other methods. When using this method, it is important to use good soil. You can inform yourself about the different types of soil at your local grow shop. Maintain an ambient temperature of at least 20 °C, otherwise, the seeds will not or not optimally germinate. Put the cannabis seed about 1 cm deep in the soil. Cover the hole with some soil and gently press.
The soil needs to be light so that the plant can easily grow to the surface. Solid soil is hard to penetrate for the roots and will cause a delay. The weed seeds will germinate under the ground and will come to the surface after 4 to 10 days. There are also more germination methods that can be applied.
Germinating Marijuana Seeds in a Water Cup
We have seen many methods of growing marijuana seeds. From the most basic to the advanced technique, cultivating marijuana is a well-loved hobby for beginners and experts alike. With various methods on how to germinate marijuana seeds, it all just comes to your preference on what type to use.
Why You Need to Germinate Marijuana Seeds
Marijuana germination is the procedure where a sprout breaks out of the seed’s coating. The sprout looks like a small white tendril and it is extremely delicate. It is the plant’s initial root and it is often referred to as the “taproot.” All the upcoming roots created by your marijuana plant will grow from the taproot. This means that the taproot is the building block of all your plant’s potential roots in the future.
The taproot, together with a few other tiny young offshoots around it – will grow and develop into longer and stronger roots. They will push the seed above the ground until the shell emerges from the surface of your growing medium and grow its first leaves known as the “cotyledons.”
These initial round leaves will sprout from the inside of the marijuana seed. The cotyledons developed as part of the plant embryo in the seed, which means there’s no need for the marijuana seedling to grow them. The sprouting first leaves are the ones that break open the shell after the taproot cracked it open.
How to germinate marijuana seeds
Marijuana seeds need three things to achieve successful germination and these are heat, water, and air. Using these, you can perform the simplest and easiest technique to germinate your seeds. But first, you’ll need paper towels, two clean plates, and marijuana seeds.
Here’s the process of this germination technique:
- Take your paper towels and soak four sheets in the distilled water. The sheets should be saturated with water but they shouldn’t have any excess dripping water.
- Get two sheets of the saturated paper towel and place them on one plate. Then, arrange the seeds on top of the plate with at least one inch of space between them. After that, get the remaining sheets of paper and cover it on top of the seeds.
- You need to make a dark protected area for your seeds. You can do this by covering the top with the remaining plate. This will create a dome-like space for your seeds to germinate.
- Lastly, keep the area warm and follow the correct temperature between 70-90°F.
These are all the steps to germinate your marijuana seeds. Once you completed each step, you only need to wait.
Don’t be impatient because this stage is crucial for the overall growth of your plant. Make sure you check the paper towels from time to time. If the papers are starting to lose their moisture, spray a little amount of water. Maintaining the proper amount of moisture around your seeds will keep them healthy and happy.
Note: each seed has different germination speed. Some may take longer than the others and that’s normal. You can tell that your seed has germinated once it breaks and one sprout begins to emerge from it. This sprout is the taproot of your seeds and it will be its main stem. Once you see the taproot growing from the seeds, that’s the indication that your germination process is successful. By this point, refrain from touching the seed or the taproot since it can disrupt their development.
Proper Way of Transplanting Germinated Marijuana Seeds
When the germination stage passes and your marijuana seeds have grown their taproot, it’s time to transplant them to a growing medium of your choice. Just like how you treat your seeds during germination, you also need to be extremely careful when transplanting your little plants. Remember, they are not yet fully-grown which makes them powerless against stressful factors.
Follow the steps below to properly transplant your germinated marijuana seeds:
- Prepare the growing medium in which you will transfer your germinated seeds. You can start with small 2-inch pots since they are cheap and easy to access. What you need to do with the pots is to fill them with coarse and light potting soil. Then, place a hole in the middle, which is at least a quarter-inch down the soil using a pencil or pen.
- When your growing medium is ready, it is time to transfer the seeds. Using a pair of tweezers, slowly pick up the seeds and place them in your growing medium, specifically inside the hole. Make sure its taproot is facing downwards. Then, gently cover it with soil.
- Next, you need to water the soil using a spray bottle. This will provide moisture in all areas of the soil without the risk of drowning your seeds. Remember that you should only provide sufficient water to your seeds because overwatering them can kill the little sprout.
- Lastly, you need to check the moisture level and temperature of the soil to maintain the good condition of your seeds. After a week, you can expect the seedlings to start appearing in your growing medium.
Germinating Marijuana Seeds in a Water Cup
If you want a cool, new method to germinate your seeds, the following has a 100% success rate. Though the results may vary, just like what usually happens to the all-natural growing method, this one is easy which is perfect for first-time growers.
First, you need the following materials before you start:
- 1 plate
- a glass of distilled water
- paper towel
- pill bottle
A little reminder before you start with the method is you should always use distilled water.
- Never utilize tap water because it carries impurities that might harm your seeds. Lastly, see to it that your germinating space is situated inside an enclosed room that has a temperature of 18 to 25 °C. The following are the steps to follow on how to germinate marijuana seeds in a water cup:
- Place your seeds inside a cup or glass of distilled water. Some will instantly drop to the bottom while others will float. Leave them for a few hours until their shell is penetrated with water and then push them to the bottom of the cup/glass using your fingertips. Allow the seeds to soak for 15 – 18 hours. The soaking process will moisten the shell of the seeds which makes it easy for them to germinate.
- Get a thick dye-free paper towel and place it on top of a plate. Place the soaked seeds in the paper towel and position them with enough spaces around each other. Fold the paper towel to envelop the seeds.
- Place it in a warm and dim area until the seeds start to crack. Make sure the seeds are well-moisturized so check it every 5-12 hours and use a spray bottle to add water onto it.
- Be patient. Seeds may take seven days or longer to germinate. Remember that each seed has a different germination phase.
- Once the taproot begins to appear, you can transplant your germinated sprouts to your desired growing medium. Make sure the taproot is facing downwards when you plant it.
Most marijuana seeds take 1 to 2 days to germinate, while others take a week. This depends on the thickness of their shells. Each seed has different features and physical characteristics, hence the difference during the germination process. If you follow all the steps of the germination method we mentioned above, you can expect 80% success rate.
Knowing the right way of germinating your marijuana seeds is vital in starting your weed production. You can choose from all the methods we have provided above. Just make sure that you give your plants everything it needs including food, light, and water. They should also be kept in a growing space with proper levels of humidity and temperature.
Establishing an ideal environment for your plants will help you avoid obstacles along the way. Above all, be organized and precise. Place your seedlings, seeds, and clones in a clear jar and label them. This will help you avoid confusion and expensive mistakes as you learn how to germinate marijuana seeds. Now go and get your pot production going!