Male and female african landrace cannabis seeds

24 Best LANDRACE Cannabis Strains to Grow from Seed

Landrace cannabis seeds list of pure landrace sativa and landrace indica strains to buy in 2022. While many old-school landrace strains are hard to find, having been lost or outbred with time, a few breeders/collectors offer rare locale-adapted and sourced cannabis seeds, giving growers around the world access to resilient genetics for various climates.

Landrace cannabis strains sold at seed banks are often limited in stock quantity and quick to be discontinued due to the nature of obtaining the seeds (e.g., sources dry up). This list may change accordingly.


Balkhi is a pure Afghan landrace cannabis strain collected in the hashish heartland of northern Afghanistan. The compact, heavily branched plants grow in a spherical structure with broad to narrow leaves. Successfully grown indoors and outdoors, reaching between 3 to 10 feet tall. Certain phenotypes display semi-dwarf expressions. Its bulky, resin-soaked colas are perfectly suited for hash and concentrate production. Narcotic, sedative, and incredibly sticky Afghani buds. First-generation, personally sourced landrace marijuana seeds. Highly recommended to breeders.

Flowering Time October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield High

Buy Balkhi Regular Seeds


Congolese is a well-known tropical landrace strain sourced from equatorial Africa. The majority of Congolese plants grow tall and willowy with enormous stretch–expect 6–8 times size gains over a lengthy flowering cycle. The buds are quite dense and have a range of complex aromas, from chocolate all the way to leather. Long-lasting, euphoric high. This particular seed line has undergone several generations of selective breeding to ensure success both outdoors and indoors. It is believed to be a pure inbred line that has not been crossed to modern hybrids, ideal for breeders and fans of old-school cannabis.

Flowering Time 90–120 days
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds

Buy Congolese Regular Seeds


Ciskei is a compact mountain sativa strain native to the former Bantustan territory in the Drakensberg mountains of South Africa at 5000–6500 ft. elevation. The plants stay quite small and bushy, even during flowering. A very fast yielder for a sativa, likely due to the nighttime temperatures dropping significantly during early autumn in the plant’s home climate. Fruity, green apple buds that give a stimulating, social high. These are 5th generation Highland South African seeds that came from an early nineties release by a Swiss seed company forced to cease operations. Tropical Seeds was given 40 of the original seeds to produce Ciskei.

Flowering Time 55–65 days; Early Autumn
Released By Tropical Seeds
Pack Size 5/10 seeds
Yield High

Buy Ciskei Regular Seeds


Ethiopian by Ace Seeds is a third-generation subtropical African sativa strain sourced from Ethiopia. The seeds grow into tall, vigorous plants that exhibit flexible branching with long internode length and show high resistance to moisture, molds, wind, and heat. Ethiopian sativa flowering times are long, being ready to harvest outdoors near the 3rd week of November. Indoor growers are recommended to flower Ethiopian plants early and be careful of overfeeding, N especially. Earthy and woody sativa aromas. The buds give a high energy, happy, positive high.

Flowering Time 91–98 days; Late November
Released By Ace Seeds
Pack Size 5/10 seeds
Yield Medium/High

Buy Ethiopian Regular Seeds

Highland Thai

Highland Thai comes from the Burmese border regions of northern and northwestern Thailand, traditionally grown by the local hill tribes, including the Lahu people. A unique cultivar that develops irregular branching, large calyxes, and slightly dense buds that differentiates it from the Thai-Lao strains. The effect is also more calming than the fierce psychedelic high that many Southeast Asian strains usually give. A rare and unusual landrace sativa recommended for collectors and breeders, Highland Thai plants are ready to harvest late in December and display a range of fruity, colorful phenotypes. The seeds are second-generation produced by open pollination.

Flowering Time 18 weeks; Late December
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield 1–2 kg/plant

Buy Highland Thai Regular Seeds


Honduras by Ace Seeds is a 100% pure sativa second-generation landrace cannabis strain from Central America. The plants grow quickly during the early stages of growth and appear in structure and life-cycle similar to old-time lowland Colombian strains. At the same time, the terpene profiles and effects are more akin to old Mexican sativa strains or African sativas. Outdoors, Honduras yields high in the right climate that allows for late harvests in November. Indoors, powerful lighting is needed to mimic the subtropical sun. Growers may begin flowering 11 hours on/13 hours off at 15 days from seed or 7 days from clones to control stretch. The buds are floral, citrusy and give energetic, euphoric effects.

Flowering Time 98 days; November
Released By Ace Seeds
Pack Size 5/10 seeds
Yield Very high

Buy Honduras Regular Seeds


Kerala is a pure South Indian landrace from the equatorial highland district of Idukki, known to produce the finest ganja in South India. Keralan strains are most famously known for their genetic contribution to the modern hybrids White Widow and Haze. A true tropical sativa that grows from 6 to over 12 feet tall, Kerala forms characteristic bamboo-like leaflets and structures into a tree formation. Ready to harvest after a long wait, with phenos ranging from late October to even February. Resinous, minty buds give a pungent sweet smoke with elevated THC levels. Seeds are the second generation from the original accession, reproduced by open pollination.

Flowering Time November–Early February
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield Medium

Buy Kerala Regular Seeds


In the Rif mountains of northern Morrocco, Ketama is best known around the world as Morocco’s Hash Capital. The cannabis plants from Ketama are adapted to growing in the local arid conditions with barren, rocky soil and are naturally ideal hashish production plants. Ketama by World of Seeds is a high yield, pure indica variety chosen from a huge collection of seeds WOS brought back from the Rif and reproduced. The large, fast-flowering, resinous buds are ready as early as September outdoors and give strong odors of the best Moroccan Hash. High resistance to pests, diseases, and medium resistance to mold.

Flowering Time 7–8 weeks; Late September
Released By World of Seeds
Pack Size 3/7/10/12 seeds
Yield Indoors: 300–400 g/m2; Outdoors: 400–500 g/plant

Buy Ketama Reg / Fem Seeds


Kumaoni is a pure Himalayan charas plant personally collected from the source at villages in the Kumaon Himalayas, near the border of Nepal and Tibet. The resilient plants are adapted to pounding rain, cold, and humidity, making Kumaoni a well-suited variety for northern climate outdoor growers. Kumaoni’s fluffy buds high in resin produce a harder and coarser charas than the Parvati types and give users a bright, outgoing stoney high.

Flowering Time Mid-October–Early November
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield 1–2 kg/plant

Buy Kumaoni Regular Seeds


Kwazulu is a quick-flowering landrace pure sativa strain obtained from wild cannabis plants growing along the north-facing slopes of South Africa’s Drakensberg ridge, since maintained by World of Seeds. An incredible cultivar that flourishes in various climates, Kwazulu seeds are easy to grow both indoors and outdoors, being ready to harvest in October for the northern hemisphere. Yields competitive quantities of mold resistant, big sweet buds tested up to 20% THC.

Flowering Time 8-9 weeks; Mid-October
Released By World of Seeds
Pack Size 3/7/10/12 seeds
Yield Indoors: 350 g/m2; Outdoors: 450–500 g/plant

Buy Kwazulu Reg / Fem Seeds


Lebanon is home to the famous Lebanese Red hashish, made from the powerful, highly resinous cannabis indica plants grown in the region. The Lebanese seeds by The Real Seed Co. are the earliest maturing strain the company offers. First obtained by RSC in 2008, the current stock is bred using the same first-generation seeds. The plants typically do not grow above 5 feet tall in a spherical bushy or columnar growth structure. Some phenos turn red colors during late flowering. Outdoors, Lebanese plants are ready to harvest from September to October. Its dense, hard-hitting buds give sweet pine and fruity aromas.

Flowering Time Early September–Early October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield High

Buy Lebanese Regular Seeds

Malana Cream

Sourced directly from Malana village, this famous North Indian Himalaya charas landrace sativa is used to make the legendary hand-rubbed high-mountain charas, Malana Cream. The resin of Malana Cream plants is world-renowned for its bold aromas, sticky consistency, and heady, cerebral high. Malana Cream seeds grow vigorously into resilient, tall, lanky structured plants that can reach past 3 meters tall, producing sweet aromatic flowers gleaming with trichomes and dripping in resin. The high gives a nice cerebral buzz and can be psychedelic in large doses.

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Flowering Time Late September–October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield High

Buy Malana Cream Regular Seeds

Malawi Gold

Malawi Gold is an equatorial landrace sativa most famously known together with “Malawi Cobs”, a traditional curing method where the buds are wrapped and stored in corn husks. These Malawi Gold seeds came from the Nkhotakota region of Malawi and were chosen by Afropips after 10 years of research alongside some of the region’s best cannabis growers. Since Afropips seed stock has been discontinued, RSC has maintained the genetics for growers and collectors. Malawi Gold plants grow from 6 to 13 feet tall and produce sweet, floral sativa buds containing a high THCV content that gives clear, uplifting effects.

Flowering Time 14–16 weeks; Long flowering
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield High

Buy Malawi Gold Regular Seeds


Manipuri is a strong, landrace sativa strain with a long flowering time sourced from Imphal Valley, in the Indian state of Manipur, located in Northeast India on the Myanmar border. Cultivated by the Meitei people of Manipur, who have a long tradition of growing cannabis. The plants grow up to 4 meters tall and with most phenotypes colored green, while the prized chahao (black sticky rice) phenos are dark purple. Citrus and earthy flavors, similar to a Thai or Lao strain but distinctly smooth. Harvest outdoors is late in December or even January.

Flowering Time Mid-December–Mid-January
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield Medium/High

Buy Manipuri Regular Seeds


Mazar-I-Sharif is a top-shelf indica landrace strain that comes from the desert towns of Balkh, Mazar-i-Sharif, and Sheberghan, in the far north of Afghanistan near the borders of Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The Mazar-i-Sharif strain grows into large, hashy indica plants that can reach over 12 feet tall and produce an immense yield of intensely resinous flowers. In their native climate, Mazar-I-Sharif handles cold weather well and even snow, turning a deep red color in lower temperatures, which is why growers prefer to harvest as late as winter outdoors. Its buds have a distinctly pungent, sweet smell and give dreamy, couch-lock narcotic effects. Seeds are 3rd generation from the 2007 Afghan charas and seed merchant in Peshawar.

Flowering Time 60–82 days; October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield Indoors: 300 g/m2; Outdoors: 1.5–2 kg/plant

Buy Mazar-I-Sharif Regular Seeds


Nepalese is an authentic first-generation Nepalese landrace strain direct from Rolpha in Midwestern Nepal, a major charas production area of the old-school Nepalese Temple Balls from the Hippie Trail era. Nepalese seeds grow into big sativa plants, 3 to 4 meters tall, with long branches and resinous colas. Ready to harvest in outdoor climates from Mid-October through November. Floral and fruity buds with a high resin production.

Flowering Time Mid-October–November
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield 1 kg+/plant

Buy Nepalese Regular Seeds

Pakistan Chitral Kush

One of the most beautiful indicas that Cannabiogen has ever grown, Pakistan Chitral Kush is a pure indica strain originally sourced from the Chitral District northern Pakistan, famous for its hash. The genetics have been inbred in the Iberian Peninsula since the mid-nineties and since reproduced by Cannabiogen seeds. The colorful red, purple, and green plants show a surprising resistance to fungus and rain issues. Grows into medium-sized plants. Pakistan Chitral Kush is a prime breeder’s tool that has been used as a parent to develop many great fast-flowering hybrids. Its resin-soaked fruity buds give a chill body stone.

Flowering Time 8–9 weeks; End of September
Released By Cannabiogen
Pack Size 1/3/5/10 seeds
Yield Medium

Buy Pakistan Chitral Kush Reg / Fem Seeds

Pakistan Valley

Pakistan Valley by World of Seeds is a selectively-bred pure indica strain sourced from the Hindu Kush mountains of northern Pakistan. A favorite hardy indica strain for indoor growers, Pakistan Valley seeds grow into fast flowering, compact plants with many side branches. Shows good resistance to drought and moderate resistance to mold and pests. Outdoors the bulky plants are ready to harvest around early October in northern areas. The pungent resinous buds of Pakistan Valley have been measured containing 21.2% THC and give a strong, sedative high.

Flowering Time 45–55 days; Early October
Released By World of Seeds
Pack Size 3/7/10/12 seeds
Yield Indoors: 400 g/m2; Outdoors: 500–600 g/plant

Buy Pakistan Valley Reg / Fem Seeds


Parvati is a resinous charas landrace strain from the Parvati Valley region of the Indian Himalaya. Parvati plants make soft, sticky charas akin to the famed Malana Cream, included above on this list. Parvati seeds germinate into tall, lanky plants that can reach over 15 ft. tall with long internodes and sparse buds, similar to other Himalayan landrace strains. A good strain for growing outdoors in damp, northern climates that handles rain, humidity, and wind well. The buds are floral, fruity, and very hashy. Seeds are sourced personally in Parvati by RSC.

Flowering Time Mid-October–Early November
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield 1–2 kg/plant

Buy Parvati Regular Seeds


Sinai is a cannabis strain cultivated deep in the desert mountains of Egypt by the Bedouin tribes in the wadis of the Sinai Peninsula, where the plants are grown in camel dung and occasionally mud sourced from the Nile. The demanding, hot 100°F summers help to create a hardy, heat-resistant plant. Two main phenotypes are seen when grown from seed—a shorter indica that grows in a Christmas tree shape, and a taller sativa that grows like a vine. Sinai is ready to harvest outdoors from late September to early October. Its foxtail buds are slightly airy, covered in resin, and give a blissful effect. Seeds obtained personally in Sinai.

Flowering Time Late September–Early October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield High

Buy Sinai Regular Seeds


A hardy landrace cannabis variety adapted to hot desert summer days and cold nights, Syrian strains share similarities to Lebanese landraces from Bekaa Valley, likely due to Syria’s long tradition of cannabis cultivation, particularly in the mountainous western region bordering Lebanon. Two main phenotypes can be found, a most desirable indica ideal for hash making that stays near 3 feet tall and a more feral sativa that gets up to 5 feet high. Syrian plants benefit from dry periods between watering, and the ideal phenos produce dense, “hash plant” buds packed with shiny crystals that give a positive, inspiring, and relaxing high. Seeds obtained via local gene bank.

Flowering Time September–October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield Medium

Buy Syrian Regular Seeds


Tirah is a pure Hindu Kush landrace strain from Tirah Valley, an area in Northwest Pakistan highly regarded as a center for hashish production. Well known for “Tirah garda”, a blond or golden refined hashish that darkens and melts with age, providing potent, narcotic effects. Tirah landrace plants exhibit a spectrum of phenotypes, from short, heavy, broad-leaf indicas to a more sativa-type variant similar to the “Kyber Sativa” listed in old seedbank catalogs. The seeds are hand-selected from the most resinous, highest-yielding, and best-smelling plants of the 2019 harvest.

Flowering Time Late September–October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield High

Buy Tirah Regular Seeds


Ukhrul is a hardy sativa landrace variety cultivated for commercial production by Naga tribes in the highlands of Ukhrul, Manipur. Farmers let the buds get heavily seeded. It is considered a crude “jungle product” compared to Manipuri, while also growing shorter. Roughly half of the population gets purple colors. Its high is described as powerful, energetic, trippy, and comes over in waves. The aroma is floral with hints of mango and fruity syrup.

Flowering Time December–January
Released By The Real Seed Company
Pack Size 5/12 seeds
Yield Medium/High

Buy Ukhrul Regular Seeds

Wild Thailand

Wild Thailand is a potent pure sativa strain from the Koh Chang district in Thailand. The genetics have been inbred by local farmers to produce plants with a shorter flowering time with higher yields and show a high pest and mold resistance. Outdoors, Wild Thailand seeds grow into big plants that finish around late November. Indoors, growers may want to switch to flowering cycle quickly to control the stretchy growth tendencies of Wild Thailand. The exotic citrus-flavored buds contain a very high 22.3% THC content, including THCV, which tropical Southeast Asian sativas are renowned for. Racy, euphoric high.

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Flowering Time 75–90 days; End of November
Released By World of Seeds
Pack Size 3/7/10/12 seeds
Yield Indoors: 300 g/m2; Outdoors: 450–500 g/plant

Buy Wild Thailand Reg / Fem Seeds

Your Own Strain Hunt

While the strains on this list can be purchased at an online cannabis seed bank, another fun aspect of growing and breeding is finding your own rare cannabis genetics around the world in person. For example, here’s a Lao sativa that I saw growing in the Bolaven Plateau, near Pakse, Laos. It’s got very long “finger” leaves, and the buds give you a speedy, trippy high. More photos on Tumblr. There’s many interesting genetics out there that you can make unique hybrids with or just enjoy pure.

Disclaimer: Know your laws. Read federal and local/county laws before buying seeds online. We do not promote or undertake in illegal activities.

9 thoughts on “24 Best LANDRACE Cannabis Strains to Grow from Seed”

Born 1954 & raised in Vancouver BC, Started puffin Weed in 1966′ age 12, My Buddies Older Brother went down to 4th. ave in Kitsilano and scored off the hippies….back then it was all Compressed Kilos of seed weed Mexican,
Seemed like they just tossed in handfuls of seeds in the bricks, we even found Peyote buttons in them….Then Some sensimilla made its way up Gorraro, Yucatan Panama even Acapulco, then different kinds of Columbian Gold Chocolate. There was actually homegrown weed being sold here in the early ’70s it was pounds and pounds of leaf with no bud in it…This gave homegrown a bad name that took many years to break out from. The Jamaican came in so hard-pressed we would heat it up with microwave to get it apart, bout that time the odd bit of super Californian bud was sneaking its way up …and some Maui Wowie made its way across the Pacific from Hawaii into Van. Then the untied Thai was coming in massive loads on mother ships …there was one load that was in vac-packed kilos with paper tags in them with an Eagle on it and it was the kill …lol…Outdoor finally cleaned up its act got organized and up to the times and started pumping out seedless bud …then around 1984//85 people slowly started growing indoor weed here, and It’s popularity took off like wildfire. In the beginning, LB.’s were going for 36 hun. The last big load of untied Thai came in about that time and didn’t do to well the indoor was all the rage. As the years passed if was all indoor and outdoor which kinda peaked at around 23 and then the teens …when 9-11 happened in 2001 the boarders tightened up and we came to a grinding halt on the exports south which caused a huge glut and prices fell dramatically ….In the past couple years to now, the outdoor hit an all-time low around 500/lb and the indoor anywhere from 900 to mid-range kushes etc around 12-14 hun and the high ends /Trip.s up to 17 & 18 hun/lb….
…Then there is the “”Turn Hashish into Ashe’s”” Saga … But I’ll save something for tomorrow … East Van Guy.

Awesome story Albert what a read thanks for posting that here! Please do share more when you can

Male and female african landrace cannabis seeds

In Malawi Breeder’s Pack, we offer you the best genetics available from this incredible sativa, considered by many as the strongest pure landrace sativa available in the market.

This breeding project started thanks to the contribution of a collaborator (Antonio, RIP), and developed by Dubi since 2007 until today.
We offer you our best 2nd, 3rd and 4th generation Malawi lines in standard format (female and male plants).

Description of the mother parental plants:

– Old Malawi Killer: It’s the overpowering original killer Malawi mother that we have used to start all our breeding with Malawi. It’s a vigorous sativa of medium height and strong branching, with very high resin production of huge size. Its effect is extremely powerful, dense and psychedelic, lasting more than 4 hours. It has a classic african taste: woody and oily. The yield is high when grown with long vegetative times and strong light intensity. It takes 11-13 weeks to fully mature, depending on the growing variables. This is the line that produces closer plants to the original Old Malawi Killer clone.

– New Malawi Killer (P3): Granddaughter of the old killer mother, competes with its grandmother in terms of resin production and potency. Like its 3rd generation sisters, the new Killer Malawi has a more tamed compact structure, with wider leaf and a shorter flowering time of 11-12 weeks. Yield and terpene profile are very similar to the old Malawi killer. This is the line where you can look for the most stable and tamed Malawis regarding structure, size and flowering time, keeping the extreme potency that made famous this strain.

– Fruity Malawi (P3): Sister of the New Malawi Killer, it has a very similar expression in terms of size, flowering time and structure, but stand out for its more interesting aromas of mature mandarine, sweet carrot and flowers. This is the line where you can look for the Malawis with better taste and more refined terpene profiles. The potency and yield are still very high.

– Purple Malawi (P2): This is the mother of our Violeta hybrid. It’s a colorful rare pheno found in the first Malawi feminized release. It’s more compact than the green Malawis, but still displaying an excellent branching, and accepts the Nitrogen better. It’s an interesting pheno due to its shorter flowering time of 10-11 weeks, for having a unique balsamic/fruity terpene profile, for showing a better resistance against cold and mildew, and of course for its intense purple and reddish colors at maturation. It’s not so strong like the best killer green Malawi parental plants, but without any doubt the effect is also very interesting, kinder and not so agressive. This is the line where you can look for the more colorful Malawis, with shorter flowering times and better adaptability to colder climates.

Malawi Breeders Pack Standard contains 4 standard lines (10 standard seeds/ per line) :

Pure or landrace cannabis seeds

Landrace or pure strains are those cannabis varieties that are native to a specific area and have been adapted generation after generation to the conditions of that area and remained isolated from other varieties, keeping their genotype unaltered.

Cannabis is an ancient plant – probably originating from the Himalayas – that has been cultivated by humans for millennia, either for its recreational virtues, for its well-known and documented medicinal properties or for the multitude of industrial uses (including food) that he has. Over the centuries, it has been adapting to cultivation according to latitude and to different climates across the world, especially in the intertropical zone and in many of the temperate parts of the globe.

Cannabis a traditional crop in many parts of the world

This has allowed different patterns of adaptation in each zone, giving rise to a good number of pure varieties from each region where cannabis has traditionally been cultivated (or where it has grown untouched in the wild). Each of these varieties thus has a series of specific traits that have been fixed year after year in the offspring of each generation, and since they have not been crossed with any other plant of a different genotype, they remain very homogeneous in this sense, with a great stability between individuals, showing very similar traits among themselves when compared with pure varieties from other areas. So great is the power of adaptation, as we could see with our Early Maroc, that in some areas clear differences in genotype can be observed between varieties grown just a few kilometres away from each other, but that are subject to different environmental conditions.

However, it can be said that pure varieties have a high degree of heterogeneity because they are usually open pollinations in large fields, where a large number of males pollinate an equal or greater number of females. In this sense, the genotype remains very open, much more than in the case of only using a few males, there being greater heterozygosity in the genes (which in turn gives them greater capacity for adaptation).

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Growing landraces

So logically among pure varieties we can find wild genetics, which have been reproducing naturally for centuries without any kind of care or selection from the hand of man, as well as domesticated varieties. The latter usually come from wild genetics that at some point have been intentionally reproduced through – more or less advanced – selective breeding techniques by the grower, who harvest after harvest has been selecting away from undesirable traits, but at the same time keeping the genotype pure, only crossed to itself. In many places, this selection has been made based on obtaining plants with high resin production, since most of the harvest goes to the extraction of resin such as hashish or charas.

Cannabis grown traditionally in Parvati Valley, India

Because in many of the areas where pure varieties are grown, wild cannabis is also found, there’s always the risk of accidental cross-pollination, no matter how slight, so that sometimes, in case of having wild plants nearby, the quality and homogeneity of the cultivated variety can be seriously compromised. However, new genes are sometimes introduced into a pure variety to avoid genetic depression or the negative consequences of inbreeding, although varieties with very similar traits are often chosen and this usually only happens in populations of relatively small plants.

As a general rule, pure varieties are divided into two large groups, Indicas and Sativas. Indicas originate from mountainous areas with colder climates than the Sativas, and have a more compact and bushy growth pattern, with a heavy trichome production and broad leaves. They are usually medium height with solid, rock-hard buds. The effect is usually narcotic and sedative, very suitable for those seeking relaxation. Clear examples would be the varieties from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan.

In contrast, Sativas come from areas with tropical climates and abundant rainfall. Its structure is slender and flexible, reaching heights much higher than the Indicas. Its long branches produce leaves with very narrow leaflets and loose, airy buds with long pistils, which often give off aromas of wood and citrus. The trichomes are usually smaller than in the case of Indicas. Their effect is stimulating and cerebral, highly appreciated by daytime smokers. We can find Sativas in many places in the world, such as Asia (India, Nepal, Thailand, etc), Central America or Africa.

Sativa on the left. Indica on the right. The difference is self-evident.

Here we should mention Ruderalis genetics, from eastern Europe and from which the automatic varieties have been developed. However, it’s very rare to see crops of Ruderalis varieties, and most of these plants grow wild and are not usually cultivated by local inhabitants.

When cultivating pure varieties we must take into account that they aren’t usually adapted to indoor cultivation, so are normally only grown outdoors. In addition, they are usually accustomed to soils that are relatively poor in nutrients and, especially in the case of Indicas, to rather dry substrates.

Modern hybrids and pure varieties

Modern commercial hybrids (or polyhybrid) are often crosses of hybrids developed during the 60s and 70s, mostly in the US and by underground breeders. These early hybrids were developed from the seeds that many hippies and backpackers brought home from their exotic trips through the traditionally producing countries, varieties that were cultivated, adapted and crossed with each other. As a result, the first crosses between different genotypes were obtained, the first cannabis hybrids, which soon adapted to growing indoors under grow lamps.

This adaptation was perhaps simpler than that of the pure varieties partly due to something called hybrid vigour. Hybrid vigour – also called the heterozygote advantage – is a characteristic presented by offspring of a hybrid between two different varieties, whereby they show greater vegetative vigour, greater root growth, flower and resin production, etc. In short, thanks to exogamy, better individuals are obtained than those used as the male and female parents.

Black Bomb is a hybrid with clear Indica dominance

Over the years, these first cannabis hybrids have been used to create the infinity of genetics present on the market today, or have been crossed again with other landraces, as is the case with our Philo Skunk (Somango x Mazar) or our Jamaican Blueberry BX. However, the origins of all varieties of cannabis are in the old pure varieties, which in many cases are still cultivated in the same way and in the same areas as hundreds of years ago. In addition, and because of the constant selective breeding on the part of modern breeders, the genetic range of today’s hybrids is quite narrow, especially when compared to the great genetic richness of pure varieties.

Another aspect to take into account is the constant adaptation of these varieties; During the last decades it’s common to cultivate genetics from, for example, Afghanistan in countries like Spain. Since the environment (climatic conditions, soil, etc.) is very different, it’s to be expected that within a few generations this variety will show slight changes in its morphological expression, aimed at adapting to these new conditions. Therefore, good landrace breeders will cultivate varieties either in climates similar to those of their origin or directly in the places where each variety is from (which obviously complicates things somewhat). In addition, the breeder must decide if he wants to adapt the pure variety – naturally adapted to the outdoor growing – to indoor cultivation or not, something that in some cases can be almost impossible.

Fruity Jack, a predominantly Sativa hybrid

Pure Cannabis varieties

Pure varieties usually include the area or country from which they originate in their name. Let’s see below some of the most popular:

  • Afghanistan: Afghani, Hindu Kush, Mazar-I-Sharif, Lashkar Gah
  • India: Malana, Parvati, Kerala
  • Indonesia: Aceh
  • Thailand: HighThai, Chocolate Thai
  • Africa: Malawi Gold, Durban Poison, Swazi Gold, Kilimanjaro, Rooibaard
  • Colombia: Punto Rojo, Colombian Gold
  • Mexico: Oaxaca, Acapulco Gold
  • Panama: Panama Red
  • Jamaica: Jamaican Lambsbread, Jamaican Kingsbread

Of course, there are many other pure varieties, although some of the most famous ones are difficult to find today due to the increases in cultivation of modern hybrids in these traditional producing countries. Fortunately, a good number of enthusiasts from all over the world continue to reproduce and work on many of these pure genetic lines, which are the foundations supporting the rest of the genetics that we know!

Comments in “Pure or landrace cannabis seeds” (1)

Kidete 2020-05-26
Hey, thanks for this post. There’s been a small debate as to whether Jamaica’s Lambs Bread is mistaken for Ethiopia’s Shashamane sativa mainly because Emperor Haille Selassie allowed Rastafarians to settle in the central highlands of Shashamane. Can I share the article?

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You’ll find information on homegrowing cannabis, tips, tricks and news from the cannabis sector.

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